It is Cao Dai belief that the universe was created when Yin met Yang and the two energies collided. Whilst The Father God is the master of the Yang, the Mother Goddess is master of the Yin and it was from her that the universe was created. By Yin joining Yang, humanity was born, therefore the Mother Goddess is very much the mother of humanity. She is called by many names and is worshipped in many forms but Cao Daiists worship her in the form she appeared to the Emperor Han Vu De.
The Mother Goddess in Cao Dai Edit
The Mother Goddess plays an important part in all of our lives. Human beings are made up of three parts; the physical body, emotions and the spirit. The Spirit (Yang) is purely from the Father God, the Supreme Being but emotions and the physical body are Yin and Yang combined - the fruit of both the Father God and Mother Goddess, both Yin and Yang.
The Mother Goddess, with the assistance of the nine female fairies, has the duty of trying to save all of her children whilst other significant figures in Cao Dai are about teaching the practicalities of following the order of the Supreme Being. As well as saving her children, the Mother Goddess has ultimate power of rebirth. It is she who determines the next incarnation of the spirit based on Karmic Law. Her great task is to bring spirits back to their origin. In Cao Dai belief, everything originates from the Father God whilst everything is created by the Mother Goddess.
Names for the Mother Goddess Edit
- Xi Wangmu (西王母)
- The Virgin Mary
- Dieu Tri Kim Mau
- Phat Mau
- Duc Me Dieu Tri
- Kuan Yin
- Queen Mother of the West
- Queen of Heaven
The Dao Tien Edit
The Mother Goddess appeared to Emperor Han of China between 141-87BC. He prayed for her to appear on the 15th day of the 8th month and because of his sincerity, she did appear. In her hand, she carried a peach which she promised would give whoever ate it, immortality through understanding of what eternal life as a result of salvation is. In Chinese Mythology, Xi Wangmu was said to live in a palace made entirely of peaches. It was said the fragrance of the peaches of her palace could be smelled miles away, and the fragrance could put even the unhappiest person to sleep. She also possesses a peach tree which, every 3,000 years, produces a peach that grants immortality. Her role with respect to immortality and everlasting happiness probably arose from her origin as the goddess of fertility.